Free-programming-books: ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ ์นจํ•ด PDF ๋‹จ์†

์— ๋งŒ๋“  2015๋…„ 12์›” 31์ผ  ยท  27์ฝ”๋ฉ˜ํŠธ  ยท  ์ถœ์ฒ˜: EbookFoundation/free-programming-books

๊ด€๋ จ #1683

์ฃผ๋กœ PDF์ธ ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์œ ํ˜•์˜ ๋ฌธ์„œ๋ฅผ ๋‹จ์†ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

https://github.com/vhf/free-programming-books/blob/42908b8c92135a765e7bbc9a70979d707f91a8f0/free-programming-books.md#competitive -ํ”„๋กœ๊ทธ๋ž˜๋ฐ

์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ ํฌํ•จ:

๋”ฐ๋ผ์„œ ์ด ์ฑ…์˜ ์–ด๋–ค ๋ถ€๋ถ„๋„ ์–ด๋– ํ•œ ํ˜•ํƒœ๋‚˜ ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์œผ๋กœ๋„ ๋ณต์ œํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ „์†กํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ณต์‚ฌ, ์Šค์บ”, ์ •๋ณด ์—…๋กœ๋“œ๋ฅผ ํฌํ•จํ•œ ์ „์ž์  ๋˜๋Š” ๊ธฐ๊ณ„์ 
์ €์žฅ ๋ฐ ๊ฒ€์ƒ‰ ์‹œ์Šคํ…œ.

๊ฐ€์žฅ ์œ ์šฉํ•œ ๋Œ“๊ธ€

์—ฌ๊ธฐ์— ์„ ๋ณ„๋œ pdf ๋งํฌ๋Š” ๋ˆ„๊ตฌ์˜ ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ๋„ ์นจํ•ดํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ž‘๊ฐ€์˜ ์˜คํ”ˆ๋œ ํ™ˆํŽ˜์ด์ง€์— ๊ฒŒ์‹œ๋˜์–ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด ์ปจํ…์ŠคํŠธ์—์„œ ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ถŒํ•œ ๋ณด์œ ๊ฐ€ ์˜๋ฏธํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ”๋Š” ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์›น์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ์—์„œ ํŒŒ์ผ์„ ํ˜ธ์ŠคํŒ…ํ•ด์„œ๋Š” ์•ˆ ๋œ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‹น์‹ ์€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋‹ค์šด๋กœ๋“œํ•˜๊ณ  ์ฝ์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ณ  ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์— ๋งํฌํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋ฌต์‹œ์  ๋ผ์ด์„ ์Šค๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ ์†Œ์œ ์ž์˜ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํ•œ ์˜๋„์ด๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์•„๋ฌด ์ด์œ  ์—†์ด ๋ฌด์„œ์šด ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ ๋ฌธ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์ถ”๊ฐ€๋˜๋Š” "์˜คํ”ˆ ์•ก์„ธ์Šค"๋กœ ๊ด‘๊ณ ๋˜๋Š” ์ฑ…์˜ ์ˆ˜์— ๋†€๋ž„ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋‚˜๋Š” ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์— ์ถ”๊ฐ€๋œ ๊ฑฐ์˜ ๋ชจ๋“  ์˜์–ด ์ฑ… ๋งํฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฒ€ํ† ํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋ณ€ํ˜ธ์‚ฌ๋Š” ์•„๋‹ˆ์ง€๋งŒ ๋งค์šฐ ๋นก๋นกํ•œ ๋ฐฐ๋ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฑฑ์ •ํ•  ์ด์œ ๊ฐ€ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋ชจ๋“  27 ๋Œ“๊ธ€

๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ. ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋‹น์‹ ๊ณผ 100%์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์ด๊ฒƒ๋“ค์„ ์ œ๊ฑฐํ•ด์•ผ ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ตœ๊ณ ์˜ ์ „๋žต์€ ๋ฌด์—‡์ž…๋‹ˆ๊นŒ?

๋ชจ๋“  PDF๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜๋™์œผ๋กœ ํ™•์ธํ•˜์‹œ๊ฒ ์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ๋“  ์ž‘์—…์„ ๋ถ„ํ• ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ?

๋‚ด์ผ(์„ค๋‚ )์ด ํœด์ผ์ด๊ณ  ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์‰ฌ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ฐ์•ˆํ•  ๋•Œ ์ผ๋ถ€ PDF๋Š” ํ™•์‹คํžˆ ํ™•์ธํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. *.pdf , dbcontent ๋“ฑ์„ ํ™•์ธํ•˜์—ฌ @borgified ์˜ ์Šคํฌ๋ฆฝํŠธ์— ์ถ”๊ฐ€ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ข‹์€ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋ชจ๋“  PDF๊ฐ€ ํ…์ŠคํŠธ ๊ฒ€์ƒ‰์„ ํ—ˆ์šฉํ•˜๋„๋ก ์˜ฌ๋ฐ”๋ฅด๊ฒŒ ์ €์žฅ๋˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ฏ€๋กœ ์ˆ˜๋™์œผ๋กœ _ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค_.

๋‚˜๋Š” ์˜์–ด ํŒŒ์ผ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ์ œ์ถœ๋ฌผ์„ ๋ณผ ๋•Œ ๋„์›€์„ ์ฃผ๋ ค๊ณ  ๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๊ณ  PDF์ธ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ์ด ์ถ”๊ฐ€ ๋‹จ๊ณ„๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜ํ–‰ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์ข‹์•„, ๊ณ ๋งˆ์›Œ! ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ์ œ์ถœ๋ฌผ์„ ์ฃผ์˜ ๊นŠ๊ฒŒ ํ™•์ธํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋งŽ์€ ๋ฐฑ๋กœ๊ทธ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค ...

์—ฌ๊ธฐ์— ์„ ๋ณ„๋œ pdf ๋งํฌ๋Š” ๋ˆ„๊ตฌ์˜ ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ๋„ ์นจํ•ดํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ž‘๊ฐ€์˜ ์˜คํ”ˆ๋œ ํ™ˆํŽ˜์ด์ง€์— ๊ฒŒ์‹œ๋˜์–ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด ์ปจํ…์ŠคํŠธ์—์„œ ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ถŒํ•œ ๋ณด์œ ๊ฐ€ ์˜๋ฏธํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ”๋Š” ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์›น์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ์—์„œ ํŒŒ์ผ์„ ํ˜ธ์ŠคํŒ…ํ•ด์„œ๋Š” ์•ˆ ๋œ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‹น์‹ ์€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋‹ค์šด๋กœ๋“œํ•˜๊ณ  ์ฝ์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ณ  ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์— ๋งํฌํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋ฌต์‹œ์  ๋ผ์ด์„ ์Šค๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ ์†Œ์œ ์ž์˜ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํ•œ ์˜๋„์ด๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์•„๋ฌด ์ด์œ  ์—†์ด ๋ฌด์„œ์šด ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ ๋ฌธ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์ถ”๊ฐ€๋˜๋Š” "์˜คํ”ˆ ์•ก์„ธ์Šค"๋กœ ๊ด‘๊ณ ๋˜๋Š” ์ฑ…์˜ ์ˆ˜์— ๋†€๋ž„ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋‚˜๋Š” ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์— ์ถ”๊ฐ€๋œ ๊ฑฐ์˜ ๋ชจ๋“  ์˜์–ด ์ฑ… ๋งํฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฒ€ํ† ํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋ณ€ํ˜ธ์‚ฌ๋Š” ์•„๋‹ˆ์ง€๋งŒ ๋งค์šฐ ๋นก๋นกํ•œ ๋ฐฐ๋ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฑฑ์ •ํ•  ์ด์œ ๊ฐ€ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

@eshellman ์„ค๋ช… ํ•ด์ฃผ์…”์„œ ๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค! ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ์ง€์ ํ–ˆ๋“ฏ์ด, ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๋ฌด์„ญ๊ฒŒ ๋“ค๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๋ฏธ์•ˆํ•œ ๊ฒƒ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋” ์•ˆ์ „ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค!

์ฃผ๋ง์— ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ฅผ ๊ฒŒ์‹œํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์žŠ์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค! ์ €๋Š” ๋ผ์ด์„ ์Šค ์ „๋ฌธ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ฏ€๋กœ ๋ชฉ๋ก์— ๋ฌดํ•ดํ•œ ํ•ญ๋ชฉ์ด ํฌํ•จ๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋‹ค์Œ์€ ํ”„๋กœ๊ทธ๋ž˜๋ฐ ์–ธ์–ด ์ด์ „์— ์˜์–ด๋กœ๋งŒ ์ œ๊ณต๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

  • ์–ธ๊ธ‰๋œ ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ/๋ผ์ด์„ผ์Šค ์—†์Œ

    • http://www.jjj.de/fxt/fxtbook.pdf

    • http://igm.univ-mlv.fr/~mac/REC/text-algorithms.pdf

    • http://www.ethoberon.ethz.ch/WirthPubl/CBEAll.pdf

    • http://lampwww.epfl.ch/~schinz/thesis-final-A4.pdf

    • http://www.stack.nl/~marcov/compiler.pdf

    • http://arxiv.org/pdf/1206.1754v2.pdf

    • http://www.csee.umbc.edu/csee/research/cadip/readings/IR.report.120600.book.pdf

    • https://www.ics.uci.edu/~welling/teaching/ICS273Afall11/IntroMLBook.pdf

    • http://home.iitk.ac.in/~arlal/book/nptel/pdf/book_linear.pdf

    • http://www.ii.uib.no/~michal/und/i227/book/book.pdf

    • http://www.math.cornell.edu/~bterrell/dn.pdf

    • http://softwarebyrob.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/assets/Software_by_Rob%20_How_to_Become_a%20_Programmer_1.0.pdf

    • http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/dts/pm/Papers/nasa-manage.pdf

    • http://www.tac.mta.ca/tac/reprints/articles/22/tr22.pdf

  • ๋‹จ์ˆœํžˆ "์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ"

    • http://algorithmics.lsi.upc.edu/docs/Dasgupta-Papadimitriou-Vazirani.pdf

    • http://www.ethoberon.ethz.ch/WirthPubl/AD.pdf

    • http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~rwh/theses/okasaki.pdf

    • http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/~bengioy/papers/ftml_book.pdf

    • https://www.math.byu.edu/klkuttle/linearalgebra.pdf

    • http://hintjens.wdfiles.com/local--files/main%3Afiles/cc1pe.pdf

    • http://www.di.unipi.it/~ricci/501302.pdf

    • http://artofcommunityonline.org/Art_of_Community_Second_Edition.pdf

    • http://www.st.ewi.tudelft.nl/~arie/phds/Hemel.pdf

    • http://downloads.nakedobjects.net/resources/Pawson%20thesis.pdf

    • http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/dts/pm/Papers/nasa-manage.pdf

    • http://carlos.bueno.org/optimization/mature-optimization.pdf

  • ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ ์นจํ•ด ๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ ์žˆ์Œ

    • http://larc.unt.edu/ian/books/free/lnoa.pdf (#1791)

    • http://larc.unt.edu/ian/books/free/poa.pdf (#1791)

    • http://www.comp.nus.edu.sg/~stevenha/myteaching/competitive_programming/cp1.pdf (94e38e0bca70ecbbeb633f9617891a91fd4f0e5a)

    • http://wps.aw.com/wps/media/objects/5771/5909832/PDF/Luger_0136070477_1.pdf (94e38e0bca70ecbbeb633f9617891a91fd4f0e5a)

    • http://alex.smola.org/drafts/thebook.pdf (94e38e0bca70ecbbeb633f9617891a91fd4f0e5a)

    • http://ai.stanford.edu/~nilsson/QAI/qai.pdf ( ๋Œ“๊ธ€ )

    • http://spivey.oriel.ox.ac.uk/~mike/zrm/zrm.pdf ( ๋Œ“๊ธ€ )

    • http://www.nobius.org/~dbg/practical-file-system-design.pdf ( ๋Œ“๊ธ€ )

    • http://www.dreamsongs.com/Files/PatternsOfSoftware.pdf ( ๋Œ“๊ธ€ )

  • ๊ต์ฒด

    • http://www1.maths.leeds.ac.uk/~charles/statlog/whole.pdf > http://www1.maths.leeds.ac.uk/~charles/statlog/ (94e38e0)

    • http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/pdf/DE/DE_Complete.pdf > http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/Classes/DE/DE.aspx (94e38e0)

    • ์ด์œ ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์–ด์„œ ์ œ๊ฑฐ๋˜์—ˆ์„ ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

    • http://static.fsf.org/nosvn/faif-2.0.pdf > https://web.archive.org/web/20151122031019/http://static.fsf.org/nosvn/faif-2.0.pdf ( ๋Œ“๊ธ€ )

    • https://www.sics.se/~joe/thesis/armstrong_thesis_2003.pdf > https://web.archive.org/web/20150706063330/https://www.sics.se/~joe/thesis/armstrong_thesis_2003.pdf (94e38e0)

  • ๋ฏธ์™„์„ฑ/์ดˆ์•ˆ ์ž‘ํ’ˆ

    • http://ciml.info/dl/v0_9/ciml-v0_9-all.pdf

    • http://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~rapaport/Papers/phics.pdf

    • http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~rwh/plbook/book.pdf

๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค! ์ด ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ฒ˜๋ฆฌํ•˜๋ ค๋ฉด ๊ฝค ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ๊ฑธ๋ฆด ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋‚˜๋Š” "์•„๋งˆ๋„"์—์„œ ์ž„์˜์˜ ๋งํฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ ธ์™”์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค: http://www.nobius.org/~dbg/practical-file-system-design.pdf ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์ด๊ฒƒ์„ ์ฐพ๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์•ฝ๊ฐ„์˜ ํŒŒ๊ณ ๊ฐ€ ํ•„์š”ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค: "์ง€๊ธˆ์€ ์ ˆํŒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‘ ๋ฒˆ์งธ ๋งํฌ๋ฅผ ํด๋ฆญํ•˜๋ฉด ์‚ฌ๋ณธ์„ ๋‹ค์šด๋กœ๋“œํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค" ์ฑ…์˜ ์ €์ž ์›นํŽ˜์ด์ง€ ... ์ด ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์„ ํ™•์ธํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ๊ธด ๊ณผ์ •์ด ๋  ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. :)

๋„ค, ํ™•์‹คํžˆ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ๊ฑธ๋ฆฝ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. "์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ" ๋˜๋Š” ยฉ๋งŒ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋ฌธ์„œ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜์‹ญ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? ๋‚˜๋Š” ์–ด๋–ค ์šฉ์–ด๋„ ํ…์ŠคํŠธ ๊ฒ€์ƒ‰์„ ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  ์ฒ˜์Œ ๋ช‡ ํŽ˜์ด์ง€์™€ ๋งˆ์ง€๋ง‰ ๋ช‡ ํŽ˜์ด์ง€๋งŒ ํ™•์ธํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

(์ฒœ์ฒœํžˆ) ์‚ดํŽด๋ณด๊ฒ ์ง€๋งŒ URL๋งŒ ๋ณด๋ฉด...
arxiv.org์˜ ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ข‹์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
๋‚˜๋Š” ์ด์ „์— fsf ์ฑ… "Free as in Freedom"์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ Open ๋ผ์ด์„ผ์Šค๋ฅผ ํ™•์ธํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋˜ํ•œ ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์•„ํŠธ. ๊ฒฝ์Ÿ ํ”„๋กœ๊ทธ๋ž˜๋ฐ์€ ์ด ์Šค๋ ˆ๋“œ์—์„œ ์–ธ๊ธ‰ํ•œ ์ฑ…์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

@eshellman ๋ง์”€ ํ•˜์‹  ๋ถ€๋ถ„์€ ๊ธฐํšŒ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์„ ๋•Œ ์‚ญ์ œํ•˜๊ฒ ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. :-)

์ž๋™ํ™”๋œ ์†”๋ฃจ์…˜์„ ์ฐพ์œผ๋ ค๊ณ  ๊ณ„์† ๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
๊ฒ€์ƒ‰์˜ ๋น„ํŠธ. ์ •๋‹ต์€ ์•„๋‹ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์ง€๋งŒ
์ฑ…์ด ๋ฌด๋ฃŒ์ธ์ง€ ์•„๋‹Œ์ง€ ์•Œ๋ ค์ฃผ์‹ญ์‹œ์˜ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์ด์ œ ์‹œ์ž‘์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

https://openlibrary.org/developers/api
2016๋…„ 1์›” 4์ผ ์˜คํ›„ 4์‹œ 20๋ถ„์— "Hunter Stevens" [email protected] ์ด ๋‹ค์Œ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์ด ์ผ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

@eshellman https://github.com/eshellman ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์— ์ค„์„ ๊ธ‹๊ฒ ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๊ธฐํšŒ๊ฐ€์žˆ์„ ๋•Œ ์ข‹์€ ์–ธ๊ธ‰. :-)

โ€”
์ด ์ด๋ฉ”์ผ์— ์ง์ ‘ ๋‹ต์žฅํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ GitHub์—์„œ ํ™•์ธํ•˜์„ธ์š”.
https://github.com/vhf/free-programming-books/issues/1769#issuecomment -168851715
.

http://www.dreamsongs.com/Files/PatternsOfSoftware.pdf ๋Š” ์ž‘์„ฑ์ž์˜ ์›น์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ CC BY-NC-SA์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

http://spivey.oriel.ox.ac.uk/~mike/zrm/zrm.pdf ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ ยฉ JM Spivey, 1988, 1992, 2001.

http://spivey.oriel.ox.ac.uk/~mike/zrm/ ์—์„œ
"์ด์ œ Z ์ฐธ์กฐ ๋งค๋‰ด์–ผ์€ ์ถœํŒ์‚ฌ์ธ Prentice Hall์—์„œ ์ ˆํŒ์„ ํ—ˆ์šฉํ–ˆ์ง€๋งŒ, ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ์นœ์ ˆํ•˜๊ฒŒ๋„ ์ €์—๊ฒŒ ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ์„ ๋Œ๋ ค์ฃผ์—ˆ์œผ๋ฏ€๋กœ ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์—์„œ ์ „์ฒด ํ…์ŠคํŠธ๋ฅผ ๋ณผ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค."

์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ๋„ค์š”. ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ์ด ์žˆ์œผ์‹ ๊ฐ€์š”? ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ๋ ๊นŒ์š”, CC?

http://ai.stanford.edu/~nilsson/QAI/qai.pdf
http://ai.stanford.edu/~nilsson/ ์—์„œ (์ €์ž์˜ ์›นํŽ˜์ด์ง€)
"์ด ์ฑ…์˜ ๋ฌด๋ฃŒ ์˜จ๋ผ์ธ ์›น ๋ฒ„์ „์€ http://ai.stanford.edu/~nilsson/QAI/qai.pdf์—์„œ ๊ตฌํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํŽ˜์ด์ง€ ๋งค๊น€์ด ์ธ์‡„ ๋ฒ„์ „๊ณผ ๋‹ค๋ฅด์ง€๋งŒ ์›น ๋ฒ„์ „์ด ์žฅ์ ์ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์›น ๋งํฌ๋ฅผ ํด๋ฆญํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค."

http://larc.unt.edu/ian/books/free/lnoa.pdf
http://larc.unt.edu/ian/books/free/poa.pdf
์ด๋“ค์€ ์ €์ž์˜ ์›น์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ์—์„œ ํ˜ธ์ŠคํŒ…๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค: http://larc.unt.edu/ian/books/
ํŒŒ์ผ์˜ ์‚ฌ์šฉ๊ถŒ ๊ณ„์•ฝ์€ ๋‹ค์Œ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์ด ๋งํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
"์ธ์‡„๋ฌผ ๋˜๋Š” ์ „์ž ํ˜•์‹์œผ๋กœ ์ด ์ž‘์—…์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์•ก์„ธ์Šค๋ฅผ ์ œ๊ณตํ•˜๋ ค๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ์ด ๋ผ์ด์„ผ์Šค ๊ณ„์•ฝ์˜ ์˜จ๋ผ์ธ ๋ฒ„์ „์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋งํฌ ๋ฐ/๋˜๋Š” ๋ชฉ๋ก์„ ์ œ๊ณตํ•˜์—ฌ ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. http://hercule.csci. unt.edu/ian/books/free/license.html . PDF ํŒŒ์ผ์— ๋งํฌํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค."

๋ฌผ๋ก  ์ง€์ •๋œ url์€ ์กด์žฌํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์ง€๋งŒ ๋ผ์ด์„ ์Šค๋Š” https://larc.unt.edu/ian/books/free/license.html ์—์„œ ์ฐพ์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ๋ผ์ด์„ ์Šค๋Š” ์‹œํ–‰ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ ‡๋‹ค๋ฉด Google์ด ์นจํ•ดํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ FPB์˜ ๋ชฉ์ ์„ ์œ„ํ•ด ๋“œ๋กญ๋‹ค์šด ๋ฉ”๋‰ด๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•œ ๋ฉ”๋ชจ์™€ ํ•จ๊ป˜ URL์„ (์ˆ˜์ •๋œ) ๋ผ์ด์„ ์Šค URL๋กœ ๋ณ€๊ฒฝํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ข‹์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•œํŽธ, ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ €์ž์™€ ๊ทธ์˜ ๋Œ€ํ•™ ๋„์„œ๊ด€์— ์—ฐ๋ฝํ•˜์—ฌ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์ „๋žต์ด ๋” ํšจ๊ณผ์ ์ผ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ œ์•ˆํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

@eshellman ๋ช‡ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์งˆ๋ฌธ

  1. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฉด zrm ํŒŒ์ผ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์–ด๋–ค ๋งํฌ๋ฅผ ์ œ์ถœํ•ด์•ผ ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ?
  2. LNOA/POA ์ฑ…์€ ์–ด๋–ป์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ?

@onebree for zrm ๋งํฌ๋Š” ๊ดœ์ฐฎ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (์ธ์šฉ์€ ์ €์ž์˜ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค)
LNO/POA ๋งํฌ๋ฅผ ๋ณ€๊ฒฝํ•˜๋ ค๋ฉด PR์„ ์ œ์ถœํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

* [Free as in Freedom](https://archive.org/details/faif-2.0) (PDF) ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ์ด๊ฒƒ์„ ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ข‹์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

@onebree ๋ช‡ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ํ•ญ๋ชฉ์„ ๊ต์ฐจํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋ฉ‹์ง„ ๋ชฉ๋ก์„ ์ž์œ ๋กญ๊ฒŒ ํŽธ์ง‘ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค!

ํ•œ ์ค„์”ฉ ๋Œ“๊ธ€์„ ๋‹ฌ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋„๋ก PR์„ ํ™•์ธํ•  URL์ด ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉด ์œ ์šฉํ•  ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

@eshellman ๊ทธ๊ฒŒ ๋ฌด์Šจ ๋ง์”€์ด์„ธ์š”? ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด PR์—์„œ, ๋˜๋Š” ์ด ๊ฒŒ์‹œ๋ฌผ๊ณผ ๊ด€๋ จ๋œ PR์—์„œ?

์ข‹์€ ์ƒ๊ฐ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค @eshellman.
@onebree ์œ ์ง€ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•˜๋Š” ๋งํฌ๋ฅผ ์ฐพ์„ ๋•Œ๋งˆ๋‹ค ์ปค๋ฐ‹์— ์ง์ ‘ ๋Œ“๊ธ€์„ ๋‹ฌ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋„๋ก ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๋ชจ๋“  ๋งํฌ๋ฅผ ์ œ๊ฑฐํ•˜๋Š” PR์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์ง‘์— ์˜ค์ž๋งˆ์ž ์ด PR์„ ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋˜๋Š” ๋” ์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ํ™•์ธํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” URL์ด ํฌํ•จ๋œ check_copyright ํŒŒ์ผ์ด ์žˆ๋Š” PR(์ˆ˜์šฉํ•  ํ•„์š”๊ฐ€ ์—†์Œ)

์ข‹์€ ์•„์ด๋””์–ด์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐํ•ฉ์‹œ๋‹ค. #1799

์™ธ๊ตญ์–ด๋ฅผ ๊ตฌ์‚ฌํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ํŒŒ์ผ์˜ ์ €์ž‘๊ถŒ ์นจํ•ด ์—ฌ๋ถ€๋ฅผ ํ™•์ธํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ถ๋‹ค๋ฉด ํ•˜์„ธ์š”!

์ฐธ๊ณ  ์‚ฌํ•ญ: ์ผ๋ถ€ ํŒŒ์ผ C, C Sharp ๋ฐ C++์—์„œ ์ž˜๋ชป๋œ "์ˆœ์„œ"๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํŠธ๋ž˜๋น„์Šค๋Š” ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์„ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค

๋‚˜๋Š” ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๊นจ๋—ํ•˜๋‹ค๊ณ  โ€‹โ€‹์ƒ๊ฐํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ๋ฌธ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋Š” ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ๋ฌธ์ œ ID๋ฅผ ์ œ์ถœํ•˜์„ธ์š”.

์ด ํŽ˜์ด์ง€๊ฐ€ ๋„์›€์ด ๋˜์—ˆ๋‚˜์š”?
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